For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help: IPA.⟩ palatalization of the preceding consonant without adding a vowel.

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The yuses ⟨, had become, according to linguistic reconstruction, irrelevant for East Slavic phonology already at the beginning of the historical period, but were introduced along with the rest of the Cyrillic script.

The letters ⟨⟩ and ⟨ıa⟩ survives in Church Slavonic.

Until approximately the year 1900, mnemonic names inherited from Church Slavonic were used for the letters.

They are given here in the pre-1918 orthography of the post-1708 civil alphabet.

The standard Russian keyboard layout for PC computers is as follows: However, there are several choices of so-called "phonetic keyboards" that one may use on a PC that are often used by non-Russians.

See virtual keyboard and Russian keyboard layout (Wikipedia).

It is used to modify the pronunciation of the preceding consonant by making it soft (palatalized).

A consonant becomes soft when it is pronounced with the middle of the tongue raised towards the roof of the mouth. It is used to show that the consonant should not be palatalized and that the consequent vowel is preceded by the the "y" sound as in yes.

That can occasionally cause ambiguity, as for example English Harry and Gary/Garry would be spelled the same in Russian, eg.

The reasons for using Ghe to write h include the fact that Ghe is used for h in Ukrainian, Belarusian and some Russian dialects, along with the perception that Kha sounds too harsh.

Letters grouped by form and pronunciation There are six Russian letters that match their English counterparts by both pronunciation and form -- A, E, K, M, O and T. Then place your tongue in between and emit a voiced sound.