Ancient Homo-sapien-sapiens (Modern Man), first began to leave Africa at about 60,000 B. And then making their way to South America - the remains called "Luzia" in Brazil. Included with this group, were straight haired Blacks "without" Mongol features - now called "Dravidians" who stayed close to Africa, and settled in India and other areas of southern Asia (see below). The "First" (OOA) migration, saw Blacks with straight hair, taking a route along the coast of Asia, and then "Island hopping" across the Indian Ocean to Australia - the Australian Aborigine (see below).

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These conclusions have been discussed in some detail by a number of authors, particularly in relation to the evolutionary history of East Asia (Coon 1962; Kaminga and Wright1988; Wolpoff et al. Unfortunately, the original specimens, along with the Locality 1 Homo erectus materials, were lost in 1941 (Shapiro 1976) and can now only be studied through casts.

Of the three crania Upper Cave 101, the "old man", has been studied in more detail primarily due to its better preservation and clearly adult status.

The lower border of the nasal aperture is gutted, which is customary amongst East Asians, Australian Aborigines and sub-Saharan Africans.

There is moderate sub-nasal prognathism and the mandible has a prominent chin, slight gonial eversion, trace of a mandibular torus and a broad ramus.

What perplexed Weidenreich, however, was the variation between the three crania, 101, 102 and 103, and the absence of clearly defined East Asian skeletal morphology.

When discussing the racial affinity of these crania 101 was considered to be a primitive Mongoloid, 102 a Melanesian and 103 an Eskimo.

Continuing on with Zhoukoudian cave China, where "Peking man" was found: Peking man was found at the "Lower Level", there was also an "Upper Level", The Upper Cave Situated several layers above Peking man, on the upper part of Dragon Bone Hill.

This cave was discovered in 1930 and excavated from 1933–34 during which time the roof and north facing opening were removed.

Weidenreich (1939) did not record dental dimensions and the moderately worn teeth have not been described in detail.

All teeth are present and the arch is well spaced, without malocclusion. The Zhoukoudian Upper Cave skull 101 as seen from the Americas. Neves and Pucciarelli (1998) argue that not only are "Mongoloid" morphological features not present in Upper Cave 101, they are not present in South American paleoindian crania either.

In comparison to modern East Asians the cranial vault is extremely long and low, with a receding frontal squama and marked angulation in the occipital region.